CSIRO, in conjunction with the Earth System Science Organization, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India, will run an IORA regional workshop on climate change adaptation. The workshop is supported by the Australian Government aid program.
Senior, influential policy makers and climate change practitioners from member and partner countries of the Indian Ocean Rim Association will be invited to attend the workshop. The workshop will be held March 31 – April 3 2014.
Increasing variability in rainfall patterns are projected to affect large regions of the Indian Ocean Rim countries, manifesting as flood, drought, and changes in timing and duration of the seasonal rainfall and monsoons. These changes will have an impact on the availability of water for human and natural systems. Adapting to these changes may involve improved water use efficiency, greywater reuse, managed aquifer recharge and rain water harvesting.
Variability of rainfall patterns, increasing temperatures, and salt intrusion in coastal areas are anticipated to decrease agricultural productivity and fisheries production in estuaries, thereby reducing food security. Adaption may include planting drought/ salt tolerant and deep-rooted crop varieties; changes to farm management practices to improve soil health and water retention capacity; and developing salinity tolerant fish.
Sea level rise will affect virtually all countries located on the Indian Ocean Rim, contributing to coastal inundation; coastal erosion; and, increase risk of storm surges associated with more intense tropical storms. Tackling the problem may involve shifting activities higher or
further inland, building sea walls and mangrove rehabilitation.
Climate change will threaten biodiversity with changes in temperature and rainfall increasing fire risk and weed invasion; and changing species ranges. Ecosystem-based adaptation incorporates sustainable management, conservation and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystems services.
Increased intensity of extreme events such as typhoons, heat waves and rainfall events will accelerate deterioration of infrastructure. Improved use of climate and weather data, weather forecasts and other management tools are adaptation mechanisms.
Climate change is expected to contribute to range expansion of disease carrying vectors such as mosquitoes and tick, as well as increased risks from food and water borne diseases. Options for improved public health outcomes include increasing the awareness of the effects of climate change on public health and development of early warning system for outbreaks.
Changes to our climate are likely to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as heat waves, extreme sea levels, typhoons, fires, floods and droughts. Climate adaptation includes identification of places of refuge and evacuation; early warning systems; and improved use of climate and weather data and forecasts.
An Australian Government Initiative.